A Guide to Lower Back Pain

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The lower back supports the weight of your upper body while facilitating the performance of many bodily movements. The lumbar spine is a complex network of bones, muscles, joints, and ligaments. With the many different types of tissue in this region, there are several common types of injuries that can occur, with symptoms such as pain ranging in severity from mild to intense.

Minor injuries like bending, sudden twisting, and careless weight carrying can affect the lower back’s structure, leaving you with recurring and prolonged discomfort.

Here’s a quick guide to the lower back pain that will help you maintain your spinal health and enjoy uninterrupted mobility:

The Severity of Lower Back Pain

It is crucial to determine the severity of lower back pain before starting a treatment. For example, is the pain severe, recurring, stinging, or dull?

Acute Pain

Everyday movements can induce muscle spasms and cause tissue damage, leaving your body with a shock sensation. That’s known as acute lower back pain.

Acute pain usually lasts for three to ten days and often alternates between severe and bearable muscle inflammation episodes. The severity of inflammation depends on the root cause of the pain, such as muscular injury.

Subacute Pain

Subacute pain can strain your everyday mobility, eventually impacting your posture if not treated timely. Physical trauma and injury are the main culprits of subacute lower back pain.

It is a good idea to use lower back physiotherapy in combination with your doctor-prescribed medications for subacute pain.

Chronic Pain

Chronic lower back pain happens when you experience ongoing aching lower back pain that may also cause tingling or numbness in one or both legs. that doesn’t respond to the regular treatments. You will benefit from seeking medical help and physiotherapy to fight chronic pain. If not treated in a timely manner, it can cause severe muscular tightness, nerve irritation, and disc degeneration.

Types of Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is generally categorized according to its pattern of movement:

Mechanical Pain

Injury to muscles, ligaments, bones, and joints often causes dull, localized lower back pain, known as mechanical pain. This type of pain surrounds the spine, buttocks, and upper thighs. If left untreated, mechanical pain can restrict your mobility.

Radicular Pain

Radicular pain isn’t localized. Instead, it moves along the lumbar spine down towards the calves. This type of pain causes intermittent burning and electric sensations. Diagnosing the origin of radicular pain is difficult as a damaged nerve is often its root cause.

Treatment of Lower Back Pain

No matter the severity and type of back pain, an experienced physiotherapist will do a complete assessment of the different causes of back pain. Carefully administered lower back physiotherapy sessions and regular exercising can help you prevent and manage lumbar spine pains.